Spn 1327 fmi 31 freightliner. SPN 1328/FMI 31. This diagnosis is typically a misfi...

523002 Manufacturer Assignable SPN - See Description. 31 Condition

A patent attorney and when you should contact one are explained in this article from HowStuffWorks. Learn about patent attorneys. Advertisement Patent attorneys (also known as pate.... SPN (Suspect Parameter Number) FMI (Failure Mode Identifier) The suspect parameter number (SPN) is diagnostic fault code terminology found on some of …Discover the best digital design consultant in Riverside. Browse our rankings to partner with award-winning experts that will bring your vision to life. Development Most Popular Em...JustAnswer is not intended or designed for EMERGENCY questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals. I have a code SPN 523530. 2012 frightliner cascadia with a ISX 15 L. My self. When you go to accelerate it goes a little - Answered by a verified Technician.SPN 100 (MCM) (EPA07;EPA10;GHG14) January 2016 Additions, Revisions, or Updates Publication Number / Title Platform Section Title Change DDC-SVC-MAN-0084 EPA07/10/ GHG14 DD Platform SPN 100/FMI 1 - EPA07 - EPA10 - GHG14 Steps added to existing sections. SPN 100/FMI 17 - EPA07 - EPA10 - GHG14 01 09-16 All information subject to …Yes; Go to step 6. No; clear the fault and release the vehicle. Disconnect the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) metering unit diffuser heater electrical harness connector. Inspect the sensor harness for bent, spread, or corroded pins. If the pins are bent, spread, or corroded, repair as necessary. If connector shows no signs of damage, Go to step 8.2 SPN 521052/FMI 31 - GHG17 DEF Inducement CEL Lamp Active Table 1. SPN 521052/FMI 31 Description This Code Sets When SPN 521050/FMI 31 has been Present for One Hour of Idle Time, the Vehicle has been Restarted or Six Gallons of Fuel has been Used. Monitored Parameter SCR and Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Sensors This spn fmi codes help explain the underlying meaning of the numerical components which build an engine fault code. ... SPN-1327-FMI-31; SPN-1327-FMI-7; SPN-1328-FMI ... Check engine light two codes SPN523531. 2013 freightliner Cascadia with a Detroit diesel 13. ... CODES SPN 523521 - 523531 = 523521-31 is a code for an extra subbus switch seen by the MSF- need to go to the dealer to get servicelink to determine which sub bus switch is being seen as extra.. ... Codes- SPN 4364 FMI 18 Poor Def …HAve a 2016 Freightliner m2 Code SPN 4364 and FMI 31. Model: MM106042s - Answered by a verified Technician. ... WORKING ON 2015 FREIGHTLINER HAS CODE SPN 4364 FMI 18,SPN 3556 FIM 18,SPN 3364 FMI 2 AND SPN 3556 FMI 1 REMOVE THE INJECTOR AND CLEAN IT.BUT LOOK AT … SPN 5397 FMI 31 (FCAP) Cummins 3375 Aftertreatment Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration Too Frequent - Condition Exists SPN 5319 FMI 31 (FCAP) Cummins 3376 DPF incomplete Regeneration SPN 3251 FMI 16 (FCAP) Cummins 1921 Aftertreatment Diesel Particulate Filter Differential Pressure - Data Valid But Above Normal Operating Range - Start and bring engine up to operating temperature (over 140°F/60°C). Verify operation is satisfactory and no warning lamps illuminate. If warning lamps illuminate, troubleshoot the codes. If assistance is required, call the Detroit Diesel Customer Support Center at 313–592–5800.Heavy Equipment Engineer. Master's Degree. 99 satisfied customers. 2019 freightliner cascadia has these codes spn 521049 FMI31, 2019 freightliner cascadia has these codes spn 521049 FMI31, SPN521050 FMI 31 and SPN 521052 FMI 31. it has derate to about 5 mph. did … read more.Truck Repair. This answer was rated: ★★★★★. I have an spn 108 fmi 3 on my Cascadia DD13. The code comes…. Answered in 51 minutes by: Technician: BrentR718. Ask Your Own Medium and Heavy Trucks Question. 1FUJGHDV1BSAX4101.The problem occurs when the ECM is not able to adjust torque output as it should. This can be due to a number of reasons. When this happens, the code SPN 1569 FMI 31 will activate and cause the check engine light to come on. Possible Causes of Code SPN 1569 FMI 31. There are a few possibilities as to what can …Two automotive giants are teaming up to bring self-driving semi-trucks to market. Under this deal, Waymo and Daimler Trucks are partnering to build an autonomous version of the Fre... Component Codes (MID) - MID Description Old 128 Engine 1 - ENGINE - ENG 130 Automatic transmission - Trans 136 Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) - TRCTR - BRK Brake inaccurate misfire detection and fault code SPN 4203 FMI 13 – Crankshaft Position System Variation Not Learned may set. The learn procedure is done using PowerLink. Refer to SPN 4203 FMI 13 for more detailed instructions on completing the learn procedure.The fault indicates that the High Idle Regeneration (HIR) was aborted due to the Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) inlet temperature not reaching the minimum of 270°C (518°F) to initiate dosing during an HIR. The CEL and MIL lamps will remain ON until the fault is resolved or a successful regeneration is completed. Show/Hide Checkboxes.High Idle Regeneration Aborted 3713/31-Low Regen Temperature. The fault indicates that the High Idle Regeneration (HIR) was aborted due to the Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) outlet temperature not reaching the expected target temperature to complete a HIR. If there are any other regeneration or fuel system related faults address those first.How To Clear SPN 1569 FMI 31. “ To clear 1569:31 you need to use Servicemaxx and go into parameters. Set SCR RESET PP 95461 from "0" to "1" (from NO to YES) Press "Program all changes". Clear DTCs. Cycle the key off for 1 minute (key must be off for a minimum of 1 minute) Go back into parameters. SPN 5397 FMI 31 (FCAP) Cummins 3375 Aftertreatment Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration Too Frequent - Condition Exists SPN 5319 FMI 31 (FCAP) Cummins 3376 DPF incomplete Regeneration SPN 3251 FMI 16 (FCAP) Cummins 1921 Aftertreatment Diesel Particulate Filter Differential Pressure - Data Valid But Above Normal Operating Range - SPN 5397 FMI 31 Freightliner This code for this manufacturer stands for- Aftertreatment DPF Regeneration Too Frequent. All this means is that the …Aug 26, 2023 · 2014 International DURASTAR, VIN: ***** Crank no start, ran poorly last night. SPN 1326 FMI 31, SPN 1327 FMI 31, SPN 2798 FMI 4, SPN 3663 FMI 5, SPN 3662 FMI 5 Removed valve cover for harn … read more SPN 4364 FMI 1. Since the FMI 1 code is tied to the SPN 4364 code, you know it is referring to your NOx system. In this case, this code means: “ This fault code sets when the Aftertreatment Control Module (ACM) detects that the NOx conversion is lower than a calibrated threshold”. In this case, there are over 20 … 20 = Data Drifted High (rationality high) 21 = Data Drifted Low (rationality low) 22 to 30 = Reserved for SAE Assignment. 31 = Condition Exists. Get information about Suspect Parameter Number (SPN) and Failure Mode Identifier (FMI) fault code list and read descriptions before engine troubleshooting diy process. This spn fmi codes help explain the underlying meaning of the numerical components which build an engine fault code. - This is not a comprehensive list, or an alternative to the standard fault diagnostic process and only serves as a supplemental reference.2 SPN 521221/FMI 19 No CAN Communication Check as follows: 1. Are there any battery voltage faults (SPN 168/FMI any)? a. Yes; troubleshoot battery voltage faults first. b. No; Go to step 2. 2. Has the Transmission Control Module (TCM), Motor Control Module (MCM), Aftertreatment Control Module 31: Water-in-Fuel (WIF) Warning – Ignored: 100: 0: Engine Oil Pressure Stuck: 100: 1: Engine Oil Pressure Very Low: 100: 3: Engine Oil Pressure Circuit Failed High: 100: 4: Engine Oil Pressure Circuit Failed Low: 100: 10: Low Oil PSI Derate: 100: 17: Engine Oil Pressure Low: 102: 16: Intake Manifold Pressure too High: 102: 18: Intake Manifold ... 31: Water-in-Fuel (WIF) Warning – Ignored: 100: 0: Engine Oil Pressure Stuck: 100: 1: Engine Oil Pressure Very Low: 100: 3: Engine Oil Pressure Circuit Failed High: 100: 4: Engine Oil Pressure Circuit Failed Low: 100: 10: Low Oil PSI Derate: 100: 17: Engine Oil Pressure Low: 102: 16: Intake Manifold Pressure too High: 102: 18: Intake Manifold ... Check after the regeneration to ensure SPN 3364/FMI 2 and all SPN 5246/FMI (any) faults go inactive. Refer to section "Performing a Parked Regeneration - EPA10/GHG14". a. Yes; clear faults and release vehicle. b. No; Go to step 9. 9. Disconnect the DEF Dosing Unit electrical connector only. Leave Dosing Unit bolted to Aftertreatment and DEF hosesJan 26, 2021 · My driver is receiving a SPN-3719 FMI 31 code on his truck. On your issue, That fault is for soot level being high. There are multiple reasons for why this fault is present. If the unit is shutting down the dpf is full or the engine protection is kicking on. The only way to get around this is to have the soot level reset with a service tool. 1. Is the SPN 3216/FMI 13 currently active? a. Yes; Go to step 3. b. No; Go to step 2. 2. Check the SPN 3216/FMI 13 DTC occurrence counter. a. If the DTC occurrence counter is five or less, clear the fault and release the vehicle. b. If the DTC occurrence counter is greater than five, Go to step 3. 3. Disconnect the SCR inlet NOx sensor. 4. Be the first to review “Cummins X12 CM2350 X119B (2018 & Newer) Fault Code: 2537 PID: SPN: 1327 FMI: 11/31 Engine Misfire Cylinder 5 – Condition Exists” Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Apr 3, 2023 · That is the problem. The other issue you will come across is that the SPN 1231 FMI 9 fault code will be set for the MCM unit. You should get a second fault code for the CPC unit and it is not going to be the same numbers. It reads SPN 625 FMI and so far we have not come across any Cummins equivalent fault code. If fault codes SPN 110/FMI (any) or SPN 1636/FMI (any) are also present, repair those faults first. If fault codes SPN 110/FMI (any) or SPN 1636/FMI (any) are not present, Go to step 2. With engine cold, compare coolant inlet and coolant outlet temperatures. Are the temperatures within -3.88°C (25° F) of each other? Yes; Go to step 3. 20 = Data Drifted High (rationality high) 21 = Data Drifted Low (rationality low) 22 to 30 = Reserved for SAE Assignment. 31 = Condition Exists. Get information about Suspect Parameter Number (SPN) and Failure Mode Identifier (FMI) fault code list and read descriptions before engine troubleshooting diy process. Home / DTC TRUCKS / Cumminz / X12 CM2350 X119B (2018 & Newer) / Cummins X12 CM2350 X119B (2018 & Newer) Fault Code: 2537 PID: SPN: 1327 FMI: 11/31 Engine Misfire Cylinder 5 – Condition Exists DOWNLOAD Bendix Acom Pro 2022 v3 ( 1 PC ) BENDIX 2022 V3What are SPN and FMI codes? FMIs are used in conjunction with SPNs to provide specific information that pertains to a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC). ... Freightliner SPN Fault Code Guide ... 31 Tachometer signal TACHSIGNLOUTPT TACH OUTPUT 32 WASTEGATEDRVR WASTEGATE Drvr Turbocharger Wastegate …Spu 49 spn 523531. Fail 31, 2012 freightliner casciada, Trying to figure out what code is. Truck is shutting - Answered by a verified Technician. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. ... These two codes came up: SA 49 SPN 523531 FMI 3 ...Engine 0 spn 459520 fail 31 code. 2012 Freightliner Cascadia dd15. Nothing I was just going through the codes trying to - Answered by a verified Technician ... I have code spn 704 fmi 5 Freightliner Cascadia JA: I understand that youre experiencing a code SPN 704 FMI 5 on your Freightliner Cascadia, and the truck Mechanic will be able to help ...Nov 18, 2019 · Codes Reason Effect. Fault Code: 4713. PID (P): SPN: 5357. FMI: 11/31. Lamp: Amber. SRT: A malfunction of a single or multiple fuel injectors has been detected. Engine may run rough, may stop running, may not start, or may be difficult to start. Detroit DD15 EPA07 (2007-09) Fault Code: SPN 3713 FMI 31 (MCM) High Idle Regeneration Aborted – Low Regeneration Temperature. NOTE: The fault indicates that the high idle regeneration (HIR) was aborted due to the diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) outlet temperature not reaching the expected target temperature to …2012 Freightliner cascadia Fault codes cab codes 524071 fmi. 2012 Freightliner cascadiaFault codesSam cab codes 524071 fmi 31 521704 fmi 3 521705 fmi3 521702 fmi 3 521708 fmi 3Def codes Spn … read more. Be the first to review “Cummins X12 CM2350 X119B (2018 & Newer) Fault Code: 2537 PID: SPN: 1327 FMI: 11/31 Engine Misfire Cylinder 5 – Condition Exists” Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Expert. 5 satisfied customers. 2019 freightliner Cascadia DD15 Traction Control light comes. 2019 freightliner Cascadia DD15 Traction Control light comes on when taking off in drive or reverse. Had Active code Spn 520506 fmi …290.1 SPN 2033/FMI 9 - GHG14. J1939 message is missing from Source Address 33 (Dec) Show/Hide Checkboxes. Check for multiple codes: If Common Powertrain Controller (CPC) SPN 168/FMI 0/14/18 (battery voltage) are present, troubleshoot these first.ECU 5841 14 DEF Quality Low: Diesel Exhaust Fluid Quality Malfunction Special Instructions. SPN 521049/FMI 31 - GHG17 DEF Inducement DEF Lamp Active Table 1. SPN 521049/FMI 31 Description This Code Sets When There is a Code Present for the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Tank Level, DEF Dosing Unit, …. SPN (Suspect Parameter Number) FMI (Failure Mode Identifier) The suspect parameter number (SPN) is diagnostic fault code terminology found on some of …Make: DetroitEngine: DD15 GHG17 (2017 & Newer)PID: N/ASPN: 520329FMI: 31. Description: DEF Flow Quantity Below Normal. Troubleshooting: DESCRIPTION: Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) pump speed low. MONITORED PARAMETER: DEF pump speed. TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS: DEF pump enabled and cannot operate above a …The code SPN 524287 FMI 31 is for the predictive cruise control message not received and this is a communication issue with the predictive cruise …JustAnswer is not intended or designed for EMERGENCY questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals. Spn 4007 fmi31, 2012 e5a01189. C4.4, Just trying to start it after battery dead, No - Answered by a verified Technician.2019 Freightliner M2 106 has a code sa 33 spn 524255 fmi7, I know its the bulkhead module but I cant find the code anywhere, the numbers came from the dash. ... Freightliner m2 buisness class with a Cummins Codes I'm getting Spn 6897 fmi 6 Spn 6932 fmi 7 Spn 231 fmi 9 I started the truck 4 to 6 times start at fine went to try to start it … SPN#1326, FMI#31 ― Engine Misfire Cylinder 4 -- Condition Exists. SPN 1327 FMI 31 Emissions/Catalyst Damage Misfire Detected Cylinder #5. This is for injectors 4,5,6. 2798 4 Injector Control Group 2 close coil short• Closed coil short circuit on Injectors 4, 5 or 6 Now that we have defined the MID (Component) and PID (Data Types), we can talk about Failure Mode Identifiers (FMI). Every diagnostic trouble code (DTC) found will have an FMI. This code is set by the ECM detecting various problems such as too high voltage, under voltage, incorrect resistance, etc. So, here is a list of possible FMI values: 0 ... Dec 5, 2023 · The SPN-6912 FMI 7 fault code on your Freightliner M2 with a Cummins engine indicates a problem with the J1939 data link communication. Here are a few steps you can take to troubleshoot and potentially resolve the issue:Check the J1939 Data Link Connections: Inspect the wiring harness and connectors associated with the J1939 data link, ensuring they are properly connected and free from damage ... 2 SPN 1322/FMI 31 - GHG17 Idle Smoothness Control/Multiple Cylinder Misfire At Idle Table 1. SPN 1323/FMI 31 Description This Fault Code Sets when the Motor Control Module (MCM) Detects that Multiple Cylinders Have Low rpm Speed with the Injector Commanded to Max Fueling for a Count of Two with All Conditions Met Monitored Parameter Engine rpm Start and bring engine up to operating temperature (over 140°F/60°C). Verify operation is satisfactory and no warning lamps illuminate. If warning lamps illuminate, troubleshoot the codes. If assistance is required, call the Detroit Diesel Customer Support Center at 313–592–5800.Good morning, I have a Freightliner 2018 VINHF6352. Codes: SPN-3216 10 SPN-3223 7 SPN-520363 SPN-520372 SPN-520372 14 SPN-521049 31 SPN-521052 31 SPN-605 5 ... 2014 International DURASTAR, VIN: ***** Crank no start, ran poorly last night. SPN 1326 FMI 31, SPN 1327 FMI 31, SPN 2798 ...SPN: 1569. FMI: 31. LAMP: Amber. SRT:Engine Protection Torque Derate - Condition Exists. Critical fault codes related to engine operation are active.Immediate engine power derate. Ask Your Own Medium and Heavy Trucks Question. Technician: Daniel Wilson. The only way this fault is active is when you ignore another fault.Beer ads and wild west shows transformed 'Custer's Last Stand' into a mythical story of 'good' versus 'evil.' Advertisement In 1896, exactly 20 years after General George Armstrong...ECU 5841 14 DEF Quality Low: Diesel Exhaust Fluid Quality Malfunction Special Instructions. SPN 521049/FMI 31 - GHG17 DEF Inducement DEF Lamp Active Table 1. SPN 521049/FMI 31 Description This Code Sets When There is a Code Present for the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Tank Level, DEF Dosing Unit, …Make: DetroitEngine: DD15 GHG17 (2017 & Newer)PID: N/ASPN: 520329FMI: 31. Description: DEF Flow Quantity Below Normal. Troubleshooting: DESCRIPTION: Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) pump speed low. MONITORED PARAMETER: DEF pump speed. TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS: DEF pump enabled and cannot operate above a …FMI SPN FMI DESCRIPTION QSB QSC QSL9 QSM1 1 QSX1 5 QSK19 QSK23 QS T 30 QSK45 QSK60 QSK78 HHP Level Number (**) 111 (Red) S254 12 629 12 ... 31 Additional OEM/Vehicle Diagnostic Codes have been logged. Check other ECM's for DTC's. X 211* (None) 613 14 OEM Component Failure X 3 3 3 212 (Yellow) P175 3 This fault code sets when there is a code present for the following: 25% Derate, vehicle speed limited to 55 MPH due to power derate. This fault code appears after SPN 521049/FMI 31 and the speed limit has been reduced to 55 MPH (90 KPH) 40% Derate, Vehicle speed limited to 5 MPH (8 KPH). I have a 2016 freightliner, codes are 1. sa 0 engine, spn 3513, fmi4, 2. sa 11abs spn 3 fmi 5 and 3. sa 11abs, spn 4 , fmi 5, freightliner won't help me it's been like this since we bought truck. … read more Section 116.1SPN 3597/FMI 4. This diagnosis is typically Proportional Valve Bank 1 circuit failed low.‪. Turn the ignition OFF. Disconnect the front valve cover injector harness connector. Measure the resistance between pin 14 on the valve cover side of the injector harness connector and ground. If the resistance is less than 5 Ω, go to step ...Most retail stores have their own off-brand versions of popular products. Amazon is no different, though it can be a little harder to find. To score a deal, add “AmazonBasics” to y...HAve a 2016 Freightliner m2 Code SPN 4364 and FMI 31. Model: MM106042s - Answered by a verified Technician. ... WORKING ON 2015 FREIGHTLINER HAS CODE SPN 4364 FMI 18,SPN 3556 FIM 18,SPN 3364 FMI 2 AND SPN 3556 FMI 1 REMOVE THE INJECTOR AND CLEAN IT.BUT LOOK AT …. SPN (Suspect Parameter Number) FMI (Failure Mode Identifier) The suspect parameter number (SPN) is diagnostic fault code terminology found on some of …SPN 3216 (ACM) (GHG17) June 2018 Additions, Revisions, or Updates Publication Number / Title Platform Section Title Change DDC-SVC-MAN-0200 DD8 MD SPN 3216/FMI 16 - GHG17 Step 3 and Step 4 has been updated DDC-SVC-MAN-0193 DD5 MD SPN 3216/FMI 16 - GHG17 DiagnosticLink users: Please update the troubleshooting guides in …2013 Freightliner M2 with a Cummins isl9 Have Code SA:0 Engine SPN:1569 FMI:31 Wasnt on before truck was taken to shop for clutch and now is on along with the yellowlight on in the def tank guage ... SPN 3936 FMI 15 & SPN 1569 FMI 31.. 2016 Freightliner cascadia, Cummins is engine. ...Code 524017 31 Freightliner cascadia is for what. Freightliner cascadia. 2018 - Answered by a verified Technician. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. ... Codes SPN 51 FMI 4 ( 10% Derate) & SPN 3464 FMI 31 (10% Derate) 2016 freightliner cascadia DD13, We just replaced compressor and air dryer … Be the first to review “Cummins X12 CM2350 X119B (2018 & Newer) Fault Code: 2537 PID: SPN: 1327 FMI: 11/31 Engine Misfire Cylinder 5 – Condition Exists” Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Nov 18, 2019 · Codes Reason Effect. Fault Code: 4713. PID (P): SPN: 5357. FMI: 11/31. Lamp: Amber. SRT: A malfunction of a single or multiple fuel injectors has been detected. Engine may run rough, may stop running, may not start, or may be difficult to start. I have codes spn 521052 spn 31 on my dd15. Engine dd15 make…. can I move this truck its going at 55 mph will it further derate. did regen but still says 55mph there are more codes now spn 3217 fmi3. The 3217 can be one of 2 things. It can be a faulty Inlet NOx sensor or it can be a software update issue. The code is stating that the engine's ...Freightliner Forum > Help 2012 firghtliner codes SPN-523531 & SPN-973 ... You did not specify the FMI for your fault but for SPN 523531 FMI 31 Troubleshooting manual shows description as "Extra Sub bus switch" details "Active when one or more sub bus switches are plugged in that do not have a corresponding MSF parameter."Fault code spn 3216 fmi 5 Spn 3226 fmi 12 Spn 5246 fmi 16 Spn 5298 fmi 18 Son 3226 fmi 13 Spn 5394 fmi 5I cleared the codes and following came back right away Spn 5394 fmi 5 Spn 3216 fmi 5 Spn 3226 fm ... Pulled codes 1037 0 active and 3711 31 inactive. alot was been don ... Diagnostic code SPN 807 FMI 2 on a 2015 freightliner …. Check after the regeneration to ensure SPN 3364/FMI 2 and all SPN 5i have a code coming on my freightliner cascadia 2019 May 10, 2019 · Stuck in PA under a load with 5mph derate. It started out with the SPN 3364 FMI 2 (bad DEF quality, conversion low) and associated derate codes. I ran a regen or two, and the SPN 3364 cleared. But the SPN 5246 derate codes are still there! And now there is SPN 5397 FMI 31 - too many regens?! 2 SPN 3227/FMI 2 - GHG17 Outlet NOx Sensor Ci The SPN 2003 fmi 31 is a data link fault between the trans and engine. This fault is in the TCM. Communication link lost between TCM and ECM. ... Have a 2015 Freightliner Cascadia Vin # 3AKJGLD52FSGC9124 Has active codes Truck wont go into gear, automatic and ABS light on. 523530 fmi 31 639 fmi 9 S231 fmi 9 need help with diagnostic.SPN 100 - FMI 4 (Fault Code 143) SPN 100 - FMI 4 (Fault Code 141) Blog.Teknisi. Subscribe to receive free email updates: 1 Response to "SPN 110 - FMI 3 (Fault Code 144)" Ezza Friday, October … Whether a beneficiary must pay tax on inher...

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